Tuyen Quang Town :
The provincial town, situated on the right
bank of the Lo river, is 166km from Hanoi by river. There was an ancient
citadel south of the town, but it was destroyed during wars.
Tan Trao :
Some 50 km from Tuyen Quang town is Tan
Trao, formerly called Kim Long in Son Duong district. This is a hamlet of
the Tay ethnic minority lying in a small valley at the foot of the Re
Pass, and it is surrounded by rolling high mountains and thick forests.
The hamlet was liberated in March 1945, and the valley was renamed Tan
A large banyan tree stands in Tan Trao.
Under the canopy of this tree, General Vo Nguyen Giap read the first order
of the Day for the departure of the liberation armed forces.
By the stream is a wooden, palm leaf -
roofed communal house where the National Congress met in August 16, 1945
and decided to launch the nationwide General Uprising which led to the
Declaration of Independence of Vietnam in September 2 the same year.
Four kilometers from Tan Trao Communal
House is the Hong Thai Communal House which was the place of reception of
delegates from different parts of the country who came to attend the
National Congress meeting. Tan trao was then considered the provisional
capital of Vietnamese patriotic forces against the colonial regime.
From Hanoi to Tan Trao, your car passes
through Thai Nguyen Town, then at Kilometer Marker 90 (Bo Dau) and a left
turn and another 45 km leads to Son Duong district, with Tan Trao 16 km
further to the North.
Trao is a small valley lying between mountains and jungles in Son Duong
district, Tuyen Quang province, 200 km from Hanoi.
Tan Trao is a
historical area that was used as a resistance base before the August 1945
Revolution. Tan Trao was a temporary capital of the independent section of
the country, where the Vietnamese Communist Party held several meetings,
especially during August 1945. On the 13th, attendees voted in favor of a
general revolution during a National Conference meeting of the Communist
Party. On the 16th, the National Assembly Conference was held. Ten major
policies were voted by the Vietminh, the League for the Independence of
Vietnam, and a temporary government chaired by President Ho Chi Minh was
established. The Vietminh army was also founded on that day. Also on the
16th, the Temple Government led by President Ho Chi Minh had a meeting in
the Tan Trao Communal House. The participants of this conference stayed at
the Hong Thai Communal House. One hundred meters north of the communal
house is the Tan Trao Banyan tree.
Between June and
August 1945, before he returned to Hanoi, President Ho Chi Minh resided in
this area in a cottage erected by the liberation soldiers.