The Army Museum:
Tuesday to Sunday from 8.00 to 11.00 am & 1.30 to
Vietnam Army Museum is located on Dien Bien Phu Street in Hanoi. It was
formerly the French expeditionary barracks and covers 10,000 m2 divided
into 30 showrooms. It opened in December 1959. The Vietnam Army Museum
contains objects and documents related to the establishment and
development of the Vietnamese armed forces.
There are many artifacts demonstrating the tradition of fighting against
foreign aggressors in previous eras. The museum also has many displays
depicting the development of the Vietnamese armed forces.
The evolution of the Vietnamese National Army and the Vietnamese People’s
Army (1946-1954) is displayed with weapons, maps, and objects of the Dien
Bien Phu Campaign.
The fighting period against the United States army, which ended in 1975,
is also represented through maps, models of the Ho Chi Minh Campaign, plus
artifacts that belonged to heroic Vietnamese soldiers.
Several large and impressive artifacts, such as heavy weapons retrieved
from enemy forces and shards of US planes, are also exhibited.
Ho Chi Minh Museum:
Daily from 8.00 to 11.00 am
& 1.30 to 4.30 pm
This museum is located near the Ho
Chi Minh Mausoleum. It was completed on May 19, 1990, on the occasion of
President Ho Chi Minh's birthday.
The museum is housed in a 4-storey building covering a total area of
10,000 m2. The museum is designed in the shape of a lotus flower, as a
symbol of President Ho’s noble character.
The main showroom displays more than 2,000 documents, articles, pictures,
and exhibits illustrating not only historical events that took place in
president Ho Chi Minh’s life, but also important events that occurred in
the rest of the world since the end of the 19th century.
The museum also contains other rooms such as a library, a large hall,
meeting rooms, and research rooms.
Since its opening, the museum has welcomed millions of local and
Monday to Sunday
from 8.00 to 11.30 am & 1.30
to 4.00 pm
in August 1959, the Revolution Museum is a two-storey building, formerly
used by the Trade Department. It has been renovated and redesigned into 30
showrooms, containing more than 40,000 historical exhibits.
The first room presents Vietnam and the Vietnamese. The exposition
continues with exhibits divided into the following topics:
· National liberation movements of the Vietnamese against French troops
before the Vietnamese
Communist Party was established (1858-1930)
· National independent struggle of the Vietnamese under the leadership of
the Communist Party (1930-1975)
· Construction and defense of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Daily except Monday from
8.00 to 4.00 pm
The Vietnam Women's Museum, the largest
historical, cultural and artistic venue for Vietnamese women, was
inaugurated on the 65th anniversary of the Vietnam Women's Union, on
October 20, 1995. The museum is a recognition of the great contributions
and sacrifices to national defence and construction made by Vietnamese
women. The museum includes four major display areas which introduce the
"Vietnamese Mother" in the national community, Vietnamese women in
national defence and construction, the foundation and development of the
Vietnam Women's Union, and the beautiful costumes worn by women from many
first partition is reserved for the 3.6 meters high Mother of Vietnam
statue inlaid with gold and made by sculptor Phu Cuong. The Mother is
healthy and full of energy, yet honest and gentle. Her right hand is open
wide representing that she can overcome all trials and hardships; her left
hand holds a child rising above her. Over top the statue is a set of
bright lamps representing mother's milk, an endless source of life that
feeds every generation. The statue is a symbol of the Vietnamese women's
strength, beauty and aspiration for life.
Visitors are then introduced to the valuable historical traditions of the
Vietnamese women. The most glorified is the defence and building of the
homeland traditions of the Vietnamese women. "When the enemy comes, even
the women fight" is the spirit shared by all Vietnamese women. In the
spring of 40AD, the two Trung Sisters raised their flag against the
invaders. Their victory is reflected in the bas-relief "The victorious
Trung Sisters return home". Above the bas-relief is a bright torch, the
token of the eternally bright patriotic spirit.
On display are many relics relating to achievements made by staunch
Vietnamese heroines throughout different periods of time. Most outstanding
are Nguyen Thi Minh Khal, Mac Thi Buoi, Vo Thi Sau, Nguyen Thi Dinh, Ngo
Thi Tuyen , Nguyen Thi Binh, Vo Thi Thang, and more. Visitors are very
impressed with the photo showing southern
standing in deep water to make a human chain to transport war wounded
soldiers or the block of statues of the ten women who died at the Dong
Loc-Ha Tinh intersection in central Vietnam while repairing the road
destroyed by US bombs.
The photo "Mother's Children" spells out the grief and sacrifice of the
mothers. Together with the mother is the list of her dying children and
their remaining things: the sack, a notebook, and some gifts for the
mother made by her sons. In various fields and occupations, from
agriculture, industry, and handicrafts to education, healthcare, culture,
arts, scientific research, and more, women have been great contributors.
Photos of excellent women and groups of women, and the achievements and
products made by women are on display. They reflect the long-standing
tradition of the industriousness and optimism of Vietnamese women.
Women always represent beauty as they are the creators of beauty.
Appropriate space in the museum is reserved for the display of women's
costumes worn by the 54 Vietnamese nationalities. The costumes are unique
in their characteristics, rich and diverse in model and colour
sophisticated in design. The collection reflects not only the ability of
the creator but also the cultural lifestyle and sensitive aesthetic soul
of women throughout time.
Firmly preserving women's traditions and highlighting the role of
Vietnamese women is attributed to the efforts of the Vietnam Women's
Union. Founded 65 years ago, the Union's activities have been closely
attached to national revolutionary tasks in general and to women in
particular, and to helping the Vietnamese women's movement integrate into
the world women's movement. The photos and items on display vividly prove
the union's role in bringing women into full play and affirming the
position of women.
Shortly after opening, hundreds of delegations from abroad and throughout
the country visited the museum as a manifestation of warm feelings and
respect for the Vietnamese women who have marked a worthy profile for many
centuries in the Vietnamese history of building and defending the country
Fine Arts Museum:
Tuesday to Sunday from 8.00 to 11.30 am
& 1.30 to 4.30 pm
In June 1966, house No 66 on Nguyen Thai Hoc
street in Ba Dinh district, Hanoi, was transformed into the Vietnam Fine
Arts Museum. Approximately 10,000 works, objects, restored articles,
paintings are displayed in 16 showrooms according to the following
· Primitive eras: Neolithic Age, Bronze Age, and Paleolithic Age
· Feudalism: 11th to 18th centuries
· Ancient sculpture: outstanding works from the 11th to 19th centuries
· Folk paintings
· Technologic fine arts
· Fine arts before the August 1945 Revolution
· Resistance against French troops (1940-1954)
· From 1954 to now
In addition, there are numerous collections of specific fine-art
exhibitions such as ancient stone sculptures, fine arts from the Bronze
Age, antique pottery, ethnic minority paintings, and lacquer paintings.
The Vietnam Fine Arts Museum is a lively historical treasure depicting the
origins and evolution of Vietnamese fine arts.
Museum of Ethnology:
Tuesday to Sunday from 8.30 to 12.30 am
& 1.30 to 4.30 pm
The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is a convergence
of cultures and a scientific ethnological center. It has actively
contributed to the conservation and development of the national culture,
as well as the cultural traditions and identities of the Vietnamese
museum is located on Nguyen Van Thuyen Street (named after a famous
national ethnologist), in Cau Giay District, about 7-8 km from downtown
Hanoi. It covers an area of nearly 3.3 hectares. Ha Duc Linh, an architect
of the Tay ethnic group, designed the museum in the form of the ancient
drum of the Dong Son Culture, and interior decorations were designed by
French architect, Veronique Dollfus.
Being part of the National Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities, the
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is involved in various undertakings. It
carries out scientific research on Vietnamese nationalities, collects,
classifies, assesses, preserves, restores, exhibits, introduces and
exploits the cultural and historical values of all the nationalities. It
also provides ethnological references and trains staff in the specific
fields of the ethnographic museum. The Museum also attaches attention to
the cultures of other countries in Southeast Asia, seeing them as
potential targets for exhibitions at the museum in the near future.
its foundation, the Museum has preserved rich and diverse showpieces and
documentary references. At present, more than 15,000 objects, about 40,000
photographs and many audio-visual tapes, of which many collections are of
highly cultural value, are exhibited and preserved by the Museum.
At present, the museum comprises two main quarters: the inside and outside
Most of the space of the 2-storey building is reserved for long-term and
regular display of objects and documents about the cultural
characteristics and the out-look of the Vietnamese communities. The
showpieces are displayed according to geographical locations and
languages, into nine groups which closely link to one another.
1. General introduction;
2. The Viet (Kinh) - Vietnam's majority group.
3. The Viet-Muong (Muong, Tho and Chut);
4. The Thai-Kadai, including 8 groups of the Tay-Thai (Tay, Thai, Nung,
San Chay, Giay, Bo Y, Lao, and Lu) and 4 groups of the Kadai (La Chi, Co
Lao, Pu Peo, La Ha).
5. The H'mong-Dao (H'mong, Dao, Pa Then), the Tibeto-Burmese (Lo Lo, Ha
Nhi, La Hu, Phu La, Si La and Cong), and the Sino-Tibetan (San Diu and
6. The Mon-Khmers of the North (Khmu, Khang, Mang, Odu and Sinh Mun) and
of the Truong Son Range and the Central Highlands (Ba-na, Brau, Bru-Van
Kieu, Choro, Co, Co Ho, Co Tu, Gie-trieng, Hre, Ma,
Mnong, Ro Mam, Ta Oi, Se Dang and Stieng).
7. The Austronesians of the mountainous regions (Chu Ru, Ede, Gia Rai,
8. The Cham, Khmer and Hoa.
9. Inter-changes among different groups, expressed through highland
In these 9 compartments, about 650 objects are displayed in 100 showcases,
large and small, with captions about the name, the place and producer of
the object. There are 33 panels with more than 50 articles and nearly 300
photographs introducing the groups' cultural characteristics. In addition,
there are showcases about some other unique cultural identity or custom,
such as non (palm-leaf conical hat) making in Chuong Village, funeral
rituals of the Muong, buffalo-stabbing ceremony of the Ba-na, then
(praying heaven for luck), etc. which are illustrated by video films.
Inside the museum, there are short-term exhibitions. For instance, the
"Cultural Resemblance" (through the folk decorative art of the Tay-Thai
and Austronesians), opened on the occasion of the 6th ASEAN Summit held in
Hanoi in December 1998; the "Children's Mid-Autumn Festival - In the Past
and At Present", opened at the Mid-Autumn Festival of 1999.
quarter of the display will be completed one section at a time.
Traditional architectures typical of each location nationwide are imitated
at the museum. They include the burial ground of the Gia-rai, the houses
built with po-mu timber of the H'mong, the stilt-house of the Tay, the
mixed stilt-and-ground house of the Dao, the traditionally-shaped house of
the Viet, the long stilt-house of the matriarchal E-de, the no-wall house
of the Ha Nhi, the long house of the Ba-na, etc. At each example, there
are captions about the material, tools and techniques with which the
original ethnic builders were invited by the museum to build the house.
The ethnic builders also participated in introducing information about
their products and the cultural traditions of their group. Each house
looks like a mini-museum. Through the interior decoration and illustrated
information, the visitors can understand the life of each ethnic group.
In both inside and outside quarters, the showpieces are displayed and
preserved in their original appearance. The explanations are in
Vietnamese, English and French, that is very convenient for visitors.
Among diverse presentations to the public, folk art performances and
on-the-spot making of the traditional handicraft articles attract a great
number of visitors. In September, the performance "Singing Cheo operetta"
organized by the Viet people in Tan Hoi Village, Dan Phuong District, Ha
Tay Province, will open for a series of shows at the Museum.
Besides exhibiting, the Museum compiled books, such as a catalogue about
the Museum published in 1997, Pictures of Vietnamese Nationalities (1997),
The Great Family of Vietnamese Nationalities (1998), Ancient Designs of
Dac Lac (1999), Research Projects by the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology,
Volume 1 (1999), to name but a few.
Wednesday from 8.00 to 11.45 am & 1.30 to 5.00 pm
History Museum is located near the Municipal Theater and Hoan Kiem Lake in
downtown Hanoi. The museum preserves a large number of valuable artifacts
from various historical periods.
The exhibits are clearly displayed on two floors covering an area of more
than 2,000 m2. The first section contains relics from prehistoric times
discovered at different sites throughout the country. These items date
back mainly from the Paleolithic and the Neolithic Ages.
Over the past 40-plus years the Museum has served as one of the important
cultural and historical arms of the Ministry of Culture and Information.
Through tens of thousands of selected showpieces, which are displayed in a
chronological order, from ancient to modern time, it systematically
introduces the visitors to the history of national construction and
defence of the Vietnamese people. The space for display is divided into
The 1st part displays relics from ancient times to the bronze age, prior
to the period of national construction. Among the relics are human teeth,
fossil animals, and stone tools and weapons, such as axes and knives,
which were found in Do mountain in Thanh Hoa Province and in Tham Hai cave
in Lang Son Province. These relics date from 30-40 thousand years ago,
proving that Vietnam is one of the cradles of early humans.
The 2nd part introduces the initial period of national construction and
defence. On display are many rare and precious exhibits, with the most
typical being the Bronze Drums of Ngoc Lu, Hoang Ha, Mieu Mon and Co Loa,
which are called Dong Son Drums. These drums, considered the most
beautiful and ancient (according to He-go classification), were found in
greater numbers than in other Asian countries.
The 3rd part introduces the first ten centuries B.C (from the 1st to the
10th century). Apart from the showpieces, which reflect the Vietnamese
people's struggle for independence and self-control against the northern
forces' plot of assimilation and enslavement, there are collections of
ceramic, porcelain and woven cloth articles, which proves that the
Vietnamese people had acquired the quintessence of other cultures to
enrich their own culture.
The 4th part introduces the process of building an independent feudal
system in the Dinh (968-980) and anterior Le (980-1009) dynasties. Typical
showpieces include vestiges of the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, old cultural
stele and majestic art works.
The 5th part introduces the Ly-Tran dynasties (1010-1400). This is a
flourishing time of the civilization of the Great Viet, and the
renaissance of the nation after more than one thousand years of struggle
against the domination of the northern invaders. The exhibits reflect some
great battles against the Song and Yuan aggressors.
6th and 7th parts introduce the Le - Mac dynasty (1427-1788), a long
period of feudal history. Through the relics and vestiges of the ancient
capital of Lam Kinh in Thanh Hoa Province, such as seals, stamps, stele,
selections of ceramic wares and festival costumes, visitors can see the
military, socio-economic and cultural achievements of the Vietnamese
The 8th part introduces the Tay Son period (1778-1802), especially
national hero Quang Trung - Nguyen Hue, who was the most outstanding
leader of the insurrection by Tay Son peasants. The movement of supporting
the Le dynasty and opposing the Trinh dynasty, and the insurrection which
wiped out the Qing enemy in 1789, leading to national liberation, are also
The 9th part introduces the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945), the last
Vietnamese feudal regime. There are a lot of exhibits on the Nguyen kings
and achievements in the fields of law, literature and history, which were
influenced by the Occidental culture.
The last part introduces the anti-French movement and the August
Revolution in 1945. On display are photographs of patriotic scholars, such
as Phan Dinh Phung, Hoang Hoa Tham and Nguyen Huu Huan. Worthy of note are
the photographs and showpieces, which reflect the cause of Nguyen Ai Quoc
(President Ho Chi Minh) for national salvation and a new state. Among them
is a photo of Ba Dinh Square on September 2nd, 1945, where
President Ho Chi Minh read the Independence Declaration, bringing about
the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
In addition, the Museum of History presents 50 stone-engraved specimens
including statues and bas-reliefs to introduce the art and culture of the
Cham Pa ethnic group from the 7th to the 13th centuries. The art and
cultures of several Asian countries including China, Japan and Thailand
are also introduced.
The Vietnam Museum of History is a worthy national museum and a centre for
the introduction and research of the history of Vietnam. Each year it
receives tens of thousands of visitors, domestic and foreign.